Missing Man's face in Figures

Padang ekspres.net-Halimah had some media attention two years ago while giving birth to her son-21, Maimunah, Sanglah Hospital, Bali. Her husband, Mas Ud, who worked as laborers claimed overwhelming support dye their children were.

Can imagine the quality of family life, education, health, and relationships between parent and child. Views of a large family struggling to live from day to day still found also in some of Indonesia's eastern region.

Their views about building a prosperous family, understanding of family planning, and the struggle of life is not visible in the ranks of the total birth rate statistics (total fertility rate / TFR). Furthermore, based on demographic and health survey of Indonesia in 2007, total fertility rate was 2.34, which according to Head of Department of Population National Family Planning Board (BKKBN) Sugiri Syarief including encouraging.

"The figure is still on the track. Means that the family planning program successful and no problems. BKKBN is optimistic to reach TFR 2.1 in 2015, "he said. Achievement on the one hand give a positive signal. However, behind the numbers, it actually works overlap.

Lost in the TFR figures

trend is down. However, the disparity is very wide ranging from 1.5 (Yogyakarta) to 3.7 (East Nusa Tenggara and Maluku). TFR in 20 provinces, including in Papua, part of Sumatra, and Sulawesi, far worse than the national average.

According to the Director of Population, Women Empowerment and Child Protection and National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas), Subandi, the higher TFR along the low education and social welfare index. How family planning is closely linked to human development as a whole. "So, rather than simply look at the national average, but how to improve household welfare. Human quality must be built, especially for people not able to, "said Subandi.

Senior Program Officer-Asia Foundation Lies Marcoes Natsir clearly states, it is time to stop just talking about numbers or the rise and fall in population. Now time to look at aspects of human rights.

When his business a target reduction figures, aspects of gender, culture, belief systems, and geographic often overlooked.

So to speak, and the target total fertility rate decline, the uterus of women into the center of attention and object. Decisions related to reproduction is often a matter of men (husbands) or the state. Women have no rights over her body.

Neglect of reproductive rights was followed by a lack of explanation about the model, effects, and risks of contraception. In fact, the use of contraceptives that do not fit cause health problems. Attention also tend fixed

to women of childbearing age. Young women and those who enter menopause forgotten.

Lies Marcoes say, the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) affirmed

the right to obtain information, right to be heard, and rights in matters of population served. Negotiation space into

important that countries understand the desire by the community. That is only possible if the family planning program aimed at improving the welfare of society as a whole, not just reduce the number of residents, "said Lies.

Not only the understanding of gender is lost in the numbers, the cultural context and belief systems were neglected. In fact, a conscious choice to limit births is closely related to belief systems and cultures. In some communities, this issue has not been finished.

Targeting family planning programs in areas of high population density may be regarded as more significant than to empower people in remote areas who took the time, human resources, and cost. As a result, attention to these areas was minimal, including from the local government. In fact, any local government that believes, residents in the region is still small, so ignore family planning.

This was reflected by the high percentage of family planning which involved the desire is not fulfilled (unmeet need) a national average of 9.1 percent or higher compared with the year 2003 amounted to 8.6 percent. In areas of eastern Indonesia, such as the Moluccas, reaching 22 percent. Subandi revealed, this alarming situation. Unmeet high need

part reflects the low level of access.

Lies Marcoes say, promote the human rights approach in the implementation of family planning

more complicated and takes effort, even the cost.

Implementation of family planning should be accompanied by education, counseling, provision of adequate information, the availability of personnel and medical / family planning tools, and access without discrimination. However, with that perspective, Halimah family no longer just a piece of the case.


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