Pursuing Fatamorgana

Padang ekspres.net-Population, family planning, and investment in human capital is an important key to the sustainability of a country. Three major issues that should be summarized in the population policy that determines whether a nation will survive and move forward or, rather, the collapse and collapse.

That means the program can not be understood merely residence as counting the number of residents and must not be reduced to the extent of contraceptive care in a family program. Investment in human capital (human capital investment) can not be interpreted narrowly, which views humans only as "resources".

In the third it contained a complex configuration and a gap between the body politics, sexuality and reproduction, human rights, social development and political transformation of the global economy had escaped discussed.

In The Lugano Report: On preserving Capitalism in the Twenty-first Century (1999, 2003), revealed horrific picture in 2020: three billion inhabitants of Earth did not enter into political and economic calculation: there is no place in urban settlements and in the social system -ecological because it dredged up natural resources, but does not change the conditions of poverty, in fact, worsen.

That is, 10 years from now, not just a third of the world's population who are not lucky, but half. Symptoms that appear no longer the big little prey, but mainly the preyed on the slow speed. "Life world" we are torn between a nimble and able to survive with a less agile, paralyzed, and left behind causing the marginalization process proceeded.

Not revealed

Unfortunately, things become a global concern not expressed in the discussion. Nevertheless, it was revealed the low quality of Indonesian human compared with the Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Brunei, let alone Singapore.

Ranked 111th of 182 countries in Human Development Report (HDR) program of the United Nations Development (UNDP) in 2009 also became indicators. That at least explains why the system of free competition in the world labor market opportunities in certain sectors can not be penetrated by Indonesian workers.

Until today, the Government of Indonesia is only capable of sending labor force in the domestic sector-about 70 percent of women-who donate at least USD 85 trillion in foreign exchange per year, about 10 percent of the state budget. However, the job market in that sector was threatened if the quality of workers unable to compete in international markets for the domestic workers.

Low quality of the human world led the race that claimed the lives of working without the benefits (feasible), to the social race constantly throw the responsibility to people who already can not afford to bear the burden of his life.

Many parties believe, human qualities, coupled demographic engineering efforts, will determine whether there is any demographic bonus. "The window of opportunity" that enables the demographic bonus occurs only once in the course of a nation. Opening a window of opportunity for Indonesia suggests fertility rate (TFR) between 2.01 and 1.87, between the years 2020 and 2030.

However, the target was not just chasing numbers, such as the New Order era. Advocacy of "two children are enough" and must not be repeated coercive manner. It's a big challenge because of the strengthening of ethnic identity coupled pronatalis views on decentralization. In many areas, population increase of only understood the extent of general allocation funds.

In addition, the spread of the ideology of power politics that uses mass number of children as a strategy. As for who has a family planning awareness was difficult to get access to family planning services.

Window of opportunity will close if the quality of education, nutrition, reproductive health, public health broadly, and employment does not increase and the fulfillment of human rights and fundamental rights of citizens can not be fulfilled. Life cycle approach should be used in the terminology of "human quality" and therefore requires a synergy in development planning.

Cost of no action would make the working age population explosion did not lead to opening a window of opportunity, instead, toward the disaster.

Free Trade Agreement ASEAN-China starting in 2010, which will wake the challenges in front of the eye-rising unemployment since the collapse of small and medium-then "surprise" early.

Paradigm unchanged

Discrimination continues dilanggengkan through policy. Law No. 52 of 2009 on Population Development and Family Development in Improving Women Health and Welfare impressed repeat of Health Law No. 36/2009.

Second Act was discriminatory because it negated the authority of women (and the marginalized groups in sexual orientation) as individuals and violating the agreement signed by the Government of Indonesia in the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo in 1994.

Essentialist paradigm is still continued and the woman's womb still seen as areas of political contestation. Paralysis of the human capital that has not been taken into account women's health collapsed. In fact, there's always the possibility of lost generation by infectious diseases, including HIV / AIDS and the difficulty of reducing maternal mortality.

In various conversations about population, impressed no serious effort to connect the body politics, sexuality and reproductive health, human rights, political and social development, and transformation of the global economy.

Synergy and coordination in development planning in Indonesia is very weak. Split-residence program at the outbreak of potentially realize the various ministries validity paradox "shared responsibility, equal to none accountable," or at each other and fight for budget responsibility.

As a result, the quality of people paused limited discourse, empty swallow these statistics that make people clap their chests in a mirage. Ironic, is not it?


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